GLOBAL C/Ku SATELLITE LISTINGS WITH FOOTPRINTS
RICARDO'S GEO-ORBIT QUICK-LOOK
an easy-to-use reference chart ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ for sat tv viewers and engineers



SITE SEARCH ENGINE: This is a large site - with over 170 web pages, 500 images and 2000 source and cross reference links - it has much good info buried deep within. Enter into search engine satellite keywords or words of your satellite interest and it will display a page of hyperlink results for content of this site. We hope it assists to save time while browsing. HINT: Look thru intro paragraph below for general idea of site content, then enter satellite keywords into search engine. UPDATED (our e-mail) (guestbook for comments)
Enter Satellite Keywords
 
       
Introduction: These sets of C/Ku-band satellite charts contain specs (launch, design, transponder, bandwidth,
orbit position, inclination), programming, EIRP footprint coverage maps and links to original sources. They are organized on the belief that knowledge promotes business. These sites are arranged in four main sections:
Western Hemisphere, Eastern Hemisphere, Footprints by Dish Size, and Interesting Links (lots of good ones and current!!!). The first two charts are designed to provide quick links to primary information sources of satellite footprints, transponder loading, programming, and specifications for global geostationary satellites. The third section is a collection of coverage footprints calibrated in dish diameter, not EIRP, arranged by continent, and listed by satellite; and contains handy links to sites hosted or contributed by satellite operators with azimuth/elevation calculation charts, latitude/longitude charts, declination angle charts, global magnetic deviation charts, link budget programs, detailed charts of dish size vs. EIRP, polar mount antenna alignment instructions; discussion of prime focus systems, LNB/feedhorns/actuators
, cabling/connectors, and ground pole/pad mount installation with a wind loading chart and discussion on disruptions to your satellite signal including terrestrial interference, earth thermal noise, rain fade/free space travel and solar outage with links to outage charts. Also in the third section, a general discussion, but detailed, of orbit types including geostationary, low earth orbit, medium earth orbit, highly elliptical orbit, polar orbit and sun synchronous orbit with example applications for each one and a brief satellite history plus much more. The size section should greatly assist in determining equipment type to choose for your location. And in the fourth section you will find related interesting links, the reason we authored this site (to offer as much easy-to-access data as possible, in this subject matter, to the public domain), and a place for your comments, contributions to updates, and suggestions for links - all of which are appreciated. We hope you will find our web pages a handy professional reference. NOTE: If you came to this site for planetary and space related info, you will find links on the Interesting Links section. ALSO, if you take a NASA link from below charts and it comes up 'not found', copy the link and enter it manually into browser window as the NASA links are sometimes squirrelly. Enjoy, browse, bookmark and link to any page you wish but please give credit where credit is due.
NOTE: Footprints may not load as quickly as you would like - they are detailed.
Thanks for your understanding. (Page Down)
WESTERN HEMISPHERE
(geosats from zero to 60W)
CONSUMER VIDEO SATELLITES (chart notes)
Satellite Name
(footprints)
 
Owner - Country
(programming)
 
#C/Ku
(specs)
Position
(E to W)
Deg.
Incl.
Max EIRP
C-
dBw-Ku
Comments
Thor 2 Telenor-Norway
add'l pr'gmg
15Ku 0.70W 0.1 na ------ 52 add'l, more, more
uplink, photo
Thor 1 (BSB R2)
(Marcopolo 2)
Telenor-Norway
add'l pr'gmg
5Ku
add'l
0.76W 0.0 na ------ 54 circ'r pol, dedic'd DBS
uplink
Thor 3 Telenor-Norway
add'l pr'gmg
14Ku
add'l
0.84W
more more
0.1 na ------ 54
more, more
circ'r pol, more, uplink
photo 1, photo 2
Intelsat 707A
more f'prnts
Intelsat-Int'l Org.
add'l pr'gmg
26/14
note
0.99W
add'l more
0.0
more
40 ------ 51 c-circ'r pol, more, more
Amos 1
more f'prnts
R.R.Satellite-Israel
users list
7Ku
more
4.04W 0.1 na ------ 54 add'l, more, more, uplink
add'l pr'gmg
Telecom 2C Fr. T'lcm-France 10/11 5.00W 0.0 42 ------ 52
add'l, more
c-circ'r pol
Globecast feeds
Nilesat 101
(owners)
Nilesat-Egypt
Euro pr'gmg
12Ku 7.00W
add'l
0.0 na ------ 50 more, more, more, more
uplink, add'l pr'gmg
Nilesat 102
(owners)
Nilesat-Egypt
Euro pr'gmg
12Ku
add'l
6.94W
more more
0.0 na ------ 50
more, more
new launch, moving into position/testing, uplink
Telecom 2D Fr. T'lcm-France 10/11
add'l
7.97W
more
0.1 42 ------ 52
more, more
c-circ'r pol, more, more
operated by Eutelsat
Telecom 2A Fr. T'lcm-France
(operated by Eutelsat)
10/11 8.03W
more
0.0 42 ------ 52 c-circ'r pol, add'l, more
more, more, more
Telecom 2B  Fr. T'lcm-France 10/11
add'l 
10.80W 0.3 42 ------ 52
more, more 
c-circ'r pol, feeds if anything, more, more
Express 3A add'l
more f'prnts
Space Dept.-Russia 12/5
more
11.07W
more more
0.1 39 ------ 42
c-circ'r pol
will replace Gor 37(26)
leased by Eutelsat
Gorizont 37(26)
Stat 11/Loutch 6
Space Dept.-Russia
suspect pr'gmg minimal
6/1
add'l
11.40W
more more
5.0 45 ------ 39
photo
c/ku-circ'r pol, suspected
reentry 7/01
Eutelsat 2F2
add'l pr'gmg
Eutelsat-Int'l Org.
Eutelsat Prog List
16Ku   12.58W  1.0  na ------ 52 add'l, more, more, more photo 
Sirius 1
(Marcopolo 1)
NSAB-Sweden
add'l pr'gmg
5Ku
add'l
13.01W 1.3 na ------ 54 c-circ'r pol, more, uplink
now called Sirius W
Express 2
(note below)
Space Dept.-Russia
Euro pr'gmg, add'l
10/2 14.06W
more more
2.4 43 ------ 40
photo
c-circ'r pol, add'l pr'gmg
more f'prnts
Telstar 12
(Orion 2) add'l
Loral Skylink-USA
more f'prints
38Ku
more
15.00W
more more
0.0
more
na ------ 48
more, more
also leased transponders to Eutelsat
Intelsat 705 Intelsat-Int'l Org.
add'l pr'gmg
26/10
note
18.01W
add'l
0.0 39 ------ 50 c-circ'r pol
more, more, more, more
NSS K
more f'pirnts
New Skies-Neth.
add'l pr'gmg
16Ku
add'l
21.60W 0.0 na--- 45/50 former Intelsat K, more
more, more, uplink
NSS 803
more f'pirnts
New Skies-Neth.
add'l pr'gmg
38/6
add'l
21.48W
more more
0.1 40 ------ 52
photo more
f'rm'r Intelsat 803, uplink
c-circ'r pol, more, more
Intelsat 603 Intelsat-Int'l Org.
add'l pr'gmg
38/10
note
24.48W
add'l
0.0 36 ------ 49 c-circ'r pol, feeds
more, more, more, more
Intelsat 605 Intelsat-Int'l Org.
more f'prints
38/10
note
27.49W
add'l
0.1 36 ------ 49 c-circ'r pol, more, more
more, more
Intelsat 511A Intelsat-Int'l Org. 26/6
note
29.53W
add'l 
6.0 32 ------ 44 c-circ'r pol, more, more
Hispasat 1B Hispasat-Spain 20Ku
add'l
30.99W
more
0.0 na ------ 48 mixed linear/circ'r pol
more, uplink
Hispasat 1A Hispasat-Spain 20Ku
add'l
30.00W
more
0.0 na ------ 48 mixed linear/circ'r pol
more, uplink
Hispasat 1C Hispasat-Spain 24Ku
add'l
30.16W
more more
0.0
more
na ------ 56
more, more
more, more, uplink
more+photos, more
Intelsat 801 Intelsat-Int'l Org.
add'l pr'gmg
38/6
note
31.54W
add'l more
0.0 40 ------ 52 c-circ'r pol
more, more, more, more
Intelsat 601 Intelsat-Int'l Org.
more f'prnts
38/10
note
34.56W
add'l more
0.0
more
36 ------ 49 c-circ'r pol, more
add'l pr'gmg
Telstar 11
(Orion 1)
Loral Skylink-USA
add'l pr'gmg
34Ku 37.53W 0.0 na ------ 54 add'l, more, more
Columbia 515A GE Amer'cm-USA 26/6
add'l
37.65W
more
2.8
more
32 ------ 44
more, more
c-circ'r pol, more, more
(former Intelsat 515A)
NSS 806A
more f'prints, add'l
New Skies-Neth. 28/3
more
40.48W
photo 1
0.0
more
40 ------ 52
more, more
(f'rm'r Intelsat 806A)
c-circ'r pol, more, uplink
TDRS F4 (D) NASA-USA
(user overview)
12/6
add'l
41.02W
more more
3.5 35 ------ 50
more, more
NASA TDRS site, more
more, detailed ku, photo
Panamsat 3R
add'l pr'gmg
Panamsat-USA
Euro pr'gmg
16/16 43.09W 0.0 34 ------ 52 ku-DBS, add'l, more
Panamsat 6  Panamsat-USA 
add'l pr'gmg
36Ku
add'l
43.19W
more more
0.1 na ------ ??
more, more
ku-DBS Sky Brazil
Panamsat 6B  Panamsat-USA
add'l pr'gmg
32Ku
add'l
43.20W
more more
0.0
more
na ------ ??
photo 1, more
DBS-dedic'd Sky Latin Amr'ca/Net Sat Servicos
more, more, photo 2
Panamsat 1  Panamsat-USA 18/6
add'l
44.80W 0.1 37 ------ 47 currently no pr'gmg
Panamsat 1R Panamsat-USA 36/36
add'l
45.00W 0.1 42 ------ ?? more, more, more, more
TDRS F6 (F)
add'l pr'gmg, add'l
NASA-USA more
(user overview) more
12/6
photo
46.97W
more more
1.8
more
35 ------ 50
detailed ku
NASA TDRS site, more
managed by GEAmer'cm
TDRS F1 (A) (retired from tracking service) NASA-USA
(user overview)
NASA TDRS site
12/6
add'l photo
48.88W
more more
10.9
more
more
35 ------ 50
more, more
detailed ku
part-time coverage of
antartic region in support
of NSF projects
and backup for F6, more
Intelsat 709 Intelsat-Int'l Org. 26/10
note
49.99W
add'l
0.0 39 ------ 50 c-circ'r pol
more, more, more
Intelsat 706A Intelsat-Int'l Org. 26/14
note
52.97W
add'l
0.1 40 ------ 50 c-circ'r pol
more, more, more
Intelsat 805A Intelsat-Int'l Org. 28/3
note
55.45W
add'l more
0.1
more
40 ------ 53 c-circ'r pol
more, more, more
Panamsat 5 Panamsat-USA 24/24
add'l
57.98W
more more
0.0
more
?? ------ ??
more, more
currently no pr'gmg
photo, more, will relocate
Panamsat 9 Panamsat-USA
add'l pr'gmg
24/24
add'l
58.03W
more more
0.0 41 ------ 53
new launch
more, more, more
has replaced PAS 5
go to top of page
page down
WESTERN HEMISPHERE
(geosats from 61W to 120W)
CONSUMER VIDEO SATELLITES (chart notes)  
Satellite Name
(footprints)
 
Owner - Country
(programming)
 
#C/Ku
(specs)
Position
(E to W)
Deg.
Incl.
Max EIRP
C-
dBw-Ku
Comments
Echostar 3 
add'l pr'gmg
Echostar-USA
add'l
32Ku 61.54W
more more
0.1
more
na ------ 53
more, more
circ'r pol
dedic'd DBS-Dish Network
Brasil 1 (T)
(Nahuel II)
Loral Skylink-USA
(f'rmr Anik C1) add'l
16Ku
uplink
63.02W
more more
3.1
more
na ------ 46
add´l w photo
8 t'pondrs available, more center of box listing
HGS-1 (PAS 22)
(f'rmr Asiasat 3)
Hughes-USA
debatable use
28/16
add'l
63.10W
photo
6.8
more
40 ------ 53
parked orbit
launch failure, reverted to/salvaged by Hughes
Brazilsat B2 Embratel-Brazil
add'l pr'gmg
28C
add'l 
65.02W
uplink
0.0   40 ------ na more, more, in the clear digital regional channels
Brazilsat B1 Embratel-Brazil  28C  70.00W 0.0  40 ------ na add'l, more, more
add'l pr'gmg
Nahuel 1
more f'prints
Nahuel-Argentina
add'l pr'gmg
18Ku
add'l
71.74W
more
0.1  na ------ 50
more, more
5.99-15 hour outage for unknown reasons, uplink
GE 6 GE Amer'cm-USA
currently no pr'gmg
24/28
add'l
72.01W
more more
0.1 40 ------ 50 more, more
more+photos
Galaxy 6
more f'prnts
Panamsat-USA
user list
24C 73.93W
add'l more
0.0 39 ------ na currently no pr'gmg, only
http://musiccountry.tv/br/
SBS 6
more f'prnts
Panamsat-USA 19Ku
add'l
74.04W
more
0.0 na ------ 50
in-orbit spare
Fox/ABC/Conus/CNN
many training classes
SBS 4 Panamsat-USA
add'l pr'gmg
10Ku
add'l
76.90W
more
5.9 na ------ 46 NBC feeds exclusively   
GE 5 GE Amer'cm-USA 16Ku  78.96W 0.0 na ------ 47
add'l, more
more, more, more, more
more
Satcom K2 GE Amer'cm-USA 16Ku 80.95W 3.1 na ------ 48 news f'ds/sports, add'l
Brazilsat B3 Embratel-Brazil 28C  84.06W  0.1 40 ------ na add'l, more, more, more
more, more, photo
GE 2 GE Amer'cm-USA
chart chart
24/24
add'l
84.89W  0.0 37 ------ 49 ku-feeds
wild feeds
XM 2 American Mobil Sat Corp-USA 2S
add'l
85.00W 0.0 Sat Radio  final p'sition will be 115W
more
, more, more, more
GE 3
add'l pr'gmg
chart chart
GE Amer'cm-USA
ku-PBS classes
c-radio s'carriers
24/24
add'l
more
87.07W
more more 
0.0
more
42 ------ 51
photo, more
wild feeds
will relocate to 72W
3.12.99-Temporary gyroscope problem, more
Telstar 402R
(Telstar 4)
Loral Skylink-USA
chart chart
24/16
add'l
89.02W  0.1 40 ------ 47
wild feeds
ku-classes/ABC feeds
add'l pr'gmg
Galaxy 11
users list
Panamsat-USA
chart chart
24/40
add'l
90.99W
more more
0.1 not legible on PAS web site replaced Galaxy 7, more more, more, wild feeds
Nimiq 1
add'l pr'gmg
Telesat-Canada
(hit channel line-up on right-pdf doc)
32Ku
add'l
uplink
91.13W
more more
0.0
more
na ------ 55
more, more
more+photo
circ'r pol
dedic'd DBS-ExpressVu
Brazilsat A2 Embratel-Brazil 24C
add'l
91.91W 3.5 37 ------ na
more, more
(f'prnt says 'B2' but is 'A2' f'prnt), inactive sat
Brazilsat B4 Embratel-Brazil
replacement for A2
28C
add'l
91.99W
more more
0.0
more
?? ------ na
more, more
new launch/testing
more, more, more
Telstar 6
add'l pr'gmg
Loral Skylink-USA
chart chart
24/28
add'l
93.02W
more more
0.1  39 ------ 50 ku-lots feeds/CBS/Fox
more, more, wild feeds
Galaxy 8i
users list
Panamsat-USA
Direct TV Americas
32Ku
add'l
more
94.94W
more more
more more
0.0
more
na ------ ??
more, more
more, more
circ'r pol - Latin America
dedic'd DBS, Galaxy
Latin America
, photo
Galaxy 3R
more f'prnts
Panamsat-USA
add'l pr'gmg
24/24
add'l
95.07W
users list
0.0
more
42 ------ 49
chart chart
ku-USA DBS, more
more, more, wild feeds
Telstar 5
add'l pr'gmg
Loral Skylink-USA
chart chart
24/28
add'l
97.04W 0.1 39 ------ 50 ku-loaded MPEG feeds
more, more, wild feeds
Galaxy 4R
users list
Panamsat-USA
chart chart
24/24
add'l
99.01W
more more
0.0
more
43 ------ 48 ku-digital cable (HITS)
add'l pr'gmg
DBS 2
(Direct TV2)
Hughes-USA
add'l pr'gmg
16Ku
add'l
100.77W
more more
0.0 na ------ 56
more, more
dedic'd DBS-DirectTV USA
DBS 3
(Direct TV3)
Hughes-USA
add'l pr'gmg
16Ku
add'l
100.87W
more more
0.0 na ------ 56 dedic'd DBS-DirectTV USA
Direct TV1-R
add'l pr'gmg
Hughes-USA
add'l, more, more
16Ku
photo
101.26W
more more
0.0
more
na ------ ??
more, more
dedic'd DBS-DirectTV USA, more, more
GE 4
add'l pr'gmg
GE Amer'cm-USA
chart chart
24/28 101.09W 0.0 40 ------ 51 add'l, more, more, more
more, photo
GE 1
add'l pr'gmg
GE Amer'cm-USA
chart chart
24/24 103.04W 0.0 41 ------ 48
add'l, photo 2
ku-NBC f'ds, ChineseTV
wild feeds, photo 1
GSTAR 4 GE Amer'cm-USA
NTSC feeds
16Ku 104.98W 0.0 na ------ 46
add'l, more
was CNN, ABC, sports f'ds, IRS Classes, Court TV, am not too sure now
Satcom C5
(RCA Satcom 5)
GE Amer'cm-USA (Aurora 2) 24C
add'l
105.61W 7.2 36 ------ na
in-orbit spare
officially retired, more
replaced by GE8/139W
Anik F1
add'l pr'gmg
Telesat-Canada
chart chart
36/48
photos
107.30W
more add'l
0.0 44 ------ 50
more, more
add'l w photos, more
more, more, more, uplink
Solidaridad 1 Mex T'lcm-Mexico dead abruptly dead, programming services moved to
Solidaridad 2 and Satmex 5 after satellite failure
DBS 1
(Direct TV1)
Hughes-USA
add'l pr'gmg
16Ku
add'l
109.82W
more more
0.0 na ------ 56
more, more
dedic'd DBS-DirectTV USA
Echostar 5
add'l pr'gmg
Echostar-USA
add'l, more, more
32Ku
circ'r pol
110.03W
more more
0.0 na ------ 53 dedic'd DBS-Dish Network
Anik E2 Telesat-Canada
limited p'gmg/feeds
replaced by Anik F1
24/16
photos
111.10W 0.0
add'l
38 ------ 51 4.30.99-Temporary outage by a severe magnetic storm in space, uplink
Solidaridad 2
more f'prnts
Mex T'lcm-Mexico
chart chart
18/16
add'l
113.02W
more more
0.0 37 ------ 47
uplink, more
ku-Sky Mexico
landing rights map
Satmex 5
(Morelos 3)
more f'prnts
Mex T'lcm-Mexico
chart chart
landing rights map
replaced Morelos 2
24/24
photo1 photo2
add'l
116.83W
more more more more
more more
0.1 38 ------ 49
more, more
more, more
more, more
3.3.00-84-minute outage; safehold mode triggered by faulty ground control software, uplink
Anik E1 Telesat-Canada
limited p'gmg/feeds
replaced by Anik F1
24/16
photos
118.70W
uplink
0.0
add'l
38 ------ 50 4.96-Loss of control for a few days; most of the spacecraft's capacity rendered useless, also lost a solar array in '96
Tempo 2
(Direct TV6)
Hughes-USA
dedic'd DBS- DirectTV
add'l pr'gmg
32Ku 118.78W
add'l more
0.0
more
na ------ ??
more, more
4.97-Solar flare probably knocked out up to two of the 16 transponders
Echostar 6
f'prnt includes
Alaska/Hawaii
Echostar-USA
add'l, more, more
16Ku
32Ku?
119.04W
more more
0.0 na ------ ??
circ'r pol
dedic'd DBS-Dish Network
Echostar 2 Echostar-USA 16Ku 119.34W
add'l more
0.0   na ------ 53
circ'r pol
dedic'd DBS-Dish Network
Echostar 4
add'l, more, more
Echostar-USA
more, more, more, more
32Ku
photo
118.91W
more more
0.1
more
na ------ 53
circ'r pol
dedic'd DBS-Dish Network
Morelos 2 add'l Mex T'lcm-Mexico 18/4 120.21W 2.0 37 ------ 45 at end of life, more, more
go to top of page
page down
WESTERN HEMISPHERE
(geosats from 121W to 180W)
CONSUMER VIDEO SATELLITES (chart notes)  
Satellite Name
(footprints)
 
Owner - Country
(programming)
 
#C/Ku
(specs)
Position
(E to W)
Deg.
Incl.
Max EIRP
C-
dBw-Ku
Comments
Galaxy 10R
users list
Panamsat-USA
chart chart
24/24
add'l
123.02W
more more
0.0 45 ------ 51 more, more, more, photo
more, more
Galaxy 5
more f'prnts
Panamsat-USA
chart chart users list
24C 125.07W
add'l more
0.0 39 ------ na good radio s'carriers
wild feeds, add'l pr'gmg
Galaxy 9
users list
Panamsat-USA
chart chart
24C
add'l
127.02W
more more
0.0
more
40 ------ na wild feeds, add'l pr'gmg
Telstar 7
more f'prnts
Loral Skylink-USA
chart chart
24/24 128.99W 0.0 41 ------ 49
add'l, more
more, more, more
wild feeds, ku-feeds
Satcom C3 GE Amer'cm-USA
chart chart
24C
add'l
130.94W 0.1 34 ------ na BBC- CSPAN s'carrier
wild feeds, add'l pr'gmg
Galaxy 1R
users list
Panamsat-USA
chart chart
24C 133.01W 0.0 38 ------ na add'l, more
wild feeds, add'l pr'gmg
Satcom C4 GE Amer'cm-USA
chart chart
24C
add'l
134.98W 0.0 40 ------ na good radio s'carriers
wild feeds, add'l pr'gmg
GE 7
chart chart
GE Amer'cm-USA
wild feeds
24C
add'l
137.05W
more more
0.1
more
40 ------ na
more+photo
replaced Satcom C1
more, more, more
GE 8 (Aurora 3)
replaced C5 add´l
GE Amer'cm-USA
chart chart more
24C
more
139.00W
more more
0.1
more
40 ------ na
more, photo
feeds, Alaska service, more, wild feeds
Satcom C1  GE Amer'cm-USA
in-orbit spare
24C
add'l
141.61W 0.1 38 ------ na occasional video
replaced by GE7, 137W
Brazilsat A1
inactive, add'l
Embratel-Brazil
(managed by PASat)
24C
more
144.09W
more more
4.8 37 ------ na technically does not belong to Embratel
Echostar 1 Echostar-USA 16Ku
add'l
147.95W
circ'r pol
0.0  na ------ 53
more, more
dedic'd DBS-Dish Network
TDRS F8 (H)
photo, more, more
NASA-USA more
(user overview) more
?C/Ku
+?Ka
150.06W
more more
6.5
add'l
?? ------ ??
more
more+photos, more, more
NASA TDRS site, more
TDRS F7 (G)
(backup for F5) 
NASA-USA
(user overview) more
12/6
add'l
171.33W
more more
4.2 35 ------ 50
photo, more
NASA TDRS site
more, more, detailed ku
Eutelsat 1F5 Eutelsat-Int'l Org.  10Ku 171.96W  5.1 na ------ 46 feeds, more
TDRS F5 (E)
Japan pr'gmg add'l
NASA-USA more
(user overview) more
12/6
photo
174.31W
more more
2.6
more
35 ------ 50
detailed ku
NASA TDRS, more, more
managed by GEAmer'cm
NSS 513A New Skies-Neth.  26/6
add'l
177.13W 4.3 34 ------ 49 f'rmr Intelsat 513
uplink, more, more
Luch (Al'tair 13L)
(Kosmos 2054)
Space Dept.-Russia
mostly Mir com'cation
not in original position
??Ku
add'l
178.36W more more 2.4 na ------ ??
dead sat??
drifting west
(second Luch launched)
application debatable with Mir program demise
CHART NOTES: Orbit position & inclination are current values, see interesting links. Polarization (commonly called polarity) is linear unless noted. Check specs for transponder bandwidth & configuration capabilities.
Check footprints for EIRP details &clarifications. On chart: EIRP is to nearest whole number at first contour (not beam center); value is spot beam when multiple beams overlap, hemi value if Intelsat, higher value if dual continent coverage present. Naming of Russian satellites can be confusing; orbital slots for Gorizont series are normally assigned a 'Statsionar' number for C-band, and a 'Loutch' number for Ku-band, payloads; both for the same Gorizont satellite. Gorizont names (numbers) are often referred to by the flight launch number (in this chart the primary number) and sometimes referred to by the Gorizont sequence number (in this chart the number in parenthesis). Express 2 is actually the first in the Express series to be launched and is referred to as Express 1 in NASA logs. na=not appropriate. (return to Western Hemisphere top)
UPDATED: Links to footprints, specs, programming are checked; orbit positions and inclination are as current as our sources allow; a very few links to press references are still in limbo. Some sats do not have footprint or eirp specs - if you have last years almanacs or charts you would like to cast off, send me one (surprise me!), do so to: dulce & barro, 225 allende del sur, saltillo, coahuila, mexico, 25000. much appreciated.Mar-29-01 
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